To make a square cushion up to 45cm (18"), you will need:
- 50cm (20") fabric for the cushion (110cm wide)
- Square cushion pad to fit
Before you start
Gently press the cushion fabric to remove any creases.
If the embroidery has been worked in a ring frame, press out any ring marks in the background fabric by placing the embroidery face down into a soft towel and dry ironing (no steam) on the back. If the fabric is delicate or has a pile (eg velvet), cover with a tea towel first or hold the iron just above the material so that it does not touch. If in doubt, first test press on a part of the fabric which will be trimmed away.
Calculating the size of your cushion
- Calculate the finished size of the cushion centre. You are looking for a nice balance between the embroidered centre and the width of the cushion fabric which will surround it. This will depend on the size and shape of the design and the size of the cushion but, as a general rule, leave a minimum border of 2.5cm (1") between the widest part of the embroidery on each side and the cushion fabric.
- Subtract the size of the finished centre from the size of the finished cushion, then divide by 2 to calculate the width of the cushion fabric border on each side. If your cushion centre is square, all 4 borders will be the same width. If not, you will need to calculate one measurement for the sides, and a second one for the top and bottom borders.
Preparing the borders
- Add 12mm (0.5") to the width of the side border for seam allowances. Cut a strip of fabric measuring this width from the edge of the short (50cm - 20") side of the cushion fabric. If the sides of the cushion centre are less than 25cm (9.5"), one strip will be enough for both sides. If not, cut a second strip the same width.
- Add a 12mm (0.5") seam allowance to the width of the top and bottom border. Cut 2 strips measuring this width, again from the short side of the cushion fabric.
Making up the cushion
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Add 12mm (1/2") to both the width and height of the finished size of the centre to give a 6mm (1/4") seam allowance on each side. This gives the size of square to cut from the background fabric.
With the right side of the embroidery facing and the design centred, measure and mark the cut square onto the background fabric. Trim the excess fabric away along the marked lines and discard.
From the side border strip(s) prepared earlier, cut 2 pieces the same length as the centre's sides. Pin in place, right sides together, and sew along the 6mm (1/4") seam allowance. Press the seams away from the embroidery.
Pin to the top and bottom of the cushion, right sides together, and sew in place along the seam allowance. Press the seams away from the embroidery.
Measure the height and width of the finished cushion front. From the remaining fabric, cut the cushion back to match the measurements. Pin the back to the front of the cushion, right sides together. Sew together leaving a 10" gap along the bottom seam to allow the cushion pad to be inserted.